Retina is the internal light-sensitive nerve tissue layer of the eyeball. Retina converts light into nerve messages and sends them to the brain. Therefore, the retina plays a key role in the visual process. The retina receives most of its oxygen and nutrients from the vascular layer called the choroid, which surrounds the outer surface of the retina.
The Retina is made of two layers:
- Sensory Retina (SR)
- Retinal Pigment Epithelium (RPE)
SR is the inner surface of the retina and RPE is the outer surface of the retina. When Sensory Retina is separated from RPE due to certain reasons, it is called Retinal Detachment (RD).
Retinal detachment factors:
Various factors increase the risk of retinal detachment. The most important of these factors are:
• age increasing
• Severe myopia
• Severe trauma to the head, face, or eyes
• Disease, inflammation, or intraocular tumor.
• See sparks of light in the field of view
• Seeing floating objects in front of the eyes
• Image deformation and distortion
• Feeling of a veil or shadow in front of the eyes
• Sudden vision loss
The only effective treatment for retinal detachment is surgery. Retinal detachment does not improve spontaneously or with the recommendation of medication and surgery should be performed as soon as possible.